How To Propagate Monstera: A Comprehensive Guide

  • 4 min read
  • Dec 04, 2023
Monstera Propagation Via Air Layering Monstera Plant Resource
Monstera Propagation Via Air Layering Monstera Plant Resource from

Greeting Ihsanpedia Friends!

Welcome to this comprehensive guide on how to propagate Monstera, one of the most popular and trendy houseplants. Whether you are an experienced gardener or a beginner, propagating Monstera can be a rewarding and exciting process. In this article, we will explore the advantages and disadvantages of different propagation methods, provide step-by-step instructions, and address common questions to help you successfully propagate your Monstera plants.


Monstera, also known as the Swiss cheese plant, is a tropical vine native to the rainforests of Central and South America. Its iconic large leaves with unique perforations and fenestrations make it a favorite among plant enthusiasts. Propagating Monstera allows you to expand your plant collection, share your plants with friends, or simply multiply your existing Monstera for a fuller display.

Before we dive into the propagation methods, it’s important to understand that Monstera can be propagated through various techniques, including stem cuttings, air layering, and division. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, which we will discuss in detail.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Propagating Monstera

1. Stem Cuttings:

One of the most common and straightforward ways to propagate Monstera is through stem cuttings. This method involves cutting a healthy stem from the parent plant and encouraging it to develop roots. The advantages of stem cuttings include:

a. Easy and accessible: Stem cuttings are simple to execute, making it an ideal method for beginners.

b. Faster growth: Stem cuttings tend to root and grow faster compared to other propagation methods.

c. Multiple plants: One stem cutting can potentially give rise to multiple new Monstera plants.

However, stem cuttings also have some disadvantages:

a. Rooting difficulties: Monstera stems can be challenging to root, especially if the cutting does not have a node with an aerial root.

b. Limited genetic diversity: Stem cuttings produce clones of the parent plant, which means limited genetic variation.

c. Susceptibility to diseases: If proper sterilization and care are not taken, stem cuttings can be prone to diseases and infections.

2. Air Layering:

Air layering is a more advanced propagation technique that involves creating a rooting chamber on a healthy stem while it is still attached to the parent plant. The advantages of air layering include:

a. Higher success rate: Air layering has a higher success rate compared to stem cuttings, as the new plant develops roots while still attached to the parent plant.

b. Established root system: The new plant develops a strong root system before it is separated from the parent plant, leading to faster growth and establishment.

c. Genetic variation: Air layering allows you to propagate Monstera while maintaining genetic diversity.

However, air layering also has its disadvantages:

a. Requires patience: Air layering can take several months for the roots to develop, requiring patience and careful monitoring.

b. Requires precision: The process of creating the rooting chamber requires precision and proper technique.

c. Limited number of new plants: Air layering typically results in one new plant per stem, making it less efficient for mass propagation.

3. Division:

Division involves separating the parent plant into multiple smaller plants, each with its own root system. The advantages of division include:

a. Instant results: Dividing a mature Monstera plant provides instant results, giving you multiple new plants to enjoy.

b. Strong root systems: Each divided plant has its own established root system, ensuring faster growth and establishment.

c. Genetic variation: Division allows you to create new plants with genetic variation.

Despite its advantages, division has some limitations:

a. Requires mature plants: Division is only possible when the parent plant has sufficient size and growth to be divided.

b. Risk of damage: Dividing the root ball can be stressful for the plant and may result in some damage.

c. Reduced number of new plants: Division typically results in a limited number of new plants compared to other propagation methods.

Table: Comparison of Monstera Propagation Methods

Propagation Method Advantages Disadvantages
Stem Cuttings Easy and accessible Rooting difficulties
Air Layering Higher success rate Requires patience
Division Instant results Requires mature plants

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1. Can I propagate Monstera in water?

Yes, stem cuttings can be propagated in water, but it is important to transfer them to soil once roots have developed for better long-term growth.

2. How long does it take for Monstera cuttings to root?

Rooting time can vary, but it typically takes around 4-6 weeks for Monstera stem cuttings to develop roots.

3. Can I propagate Monstera from a single leaf?

No, Monstera cannot be propagated from a single leaf. You need a stem cutting with a node and preferably an aerial root for successful propagation.

4. When is the best time to propagate Monstera?

Spring and summer are the best times to propagate Monstera, as the plant is actively growing and has higher chances of successful root development.

5. Can I use rooting hormone for Monstera propagation?

While not necessary, rooting hormone can increase the chances of successful root development, especially for stem cuttings.

6. How often should I water newly propagated Monstera?

Newly propagated Monstera plants should be watered regularly, keeping the soil slightly moist but not overly wet.

7. Can I propagate a variegated Monstera?

Yes, variegated Monstera can be propagated using the same methods as non-variegated ones. However, keep in mind that variegation may not be preserved in new plants.


Propagating Monstera can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience for any plant lover. Whether you choose stem cuttings, air layering, or division, each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. It’s important to consider your goals and preferences before deciding on the propagation method that suits you best.

Remember to provide proper care and patience during the propagation process to ensure the success of your new Monstera plants. So go ahead, give it a try, and enjoy the gratification of watching your Monstera family grow!


Q: Can I propagate Monstera by using leaf cuttings?

A: No, Monstera cannot be propagated from leaf cuttings alone. You need a stem cutting with a node and preferably an aerial root for successful propagation.

Q: What is the best soil mix for propagating Monstera?

A: A well-draining soil mix that retains some moisture is ideal for Monstera propagation. A mix of peat moss, perlite, and potting soil works well.

Q: How long does it take for a propagated Monstera to grow into a mature plant?

A: The growth rate of propagated Monstera plants can vary depending on various factors such as light, temperature, and care. On average, it can take several months to a few years for a propagated Monstera to reach maturity.

Q: Can I propagate Monstera from a leaf node without a stem?

A: It is possible to propagate Monstera from a leaf node without a stem, although the success rate may be lower. Make sure to provide the node with proper moisture and humidity to encourage root development.

Q: Should I prune my Monstera before propagating?

A: Pruning your Monstera before propagation can help promote new growth and encourage bushiness. However, it is not necessary for successful propagation.

Q: Can I propagate Monstera outdoors?

A: Yes,

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